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China supplier 1 Year CZPT in Bulk Air Suspension 13ton Trailer Axle axle shaft

Product Description

13ton Trailer Axle Rear Axle for India Market   
 

Company introduction:

ZheJiang CZPT Co.,Ltd is 1 of the major manufacturers specializing in the production of trailer axles.

Our company has high technological background, sophisticated manufacturing technology, advances detection means, perfect quality assurance system. It is a specialized manufacturer integrating scientific research, design, production and sales.

The production of “FUSAI” trailer axles passed the national authoritative department detection. The fatigue life is up to 1,500,000 times without damage-more than 3 times above the national standard, which is in the leading domestic level, and reach or exceed the international standards. Our products are popular not only in domestic markets, but all over the world. Since the products are designed and optimized by computer, they have reasonable structure, good braking performance, high strength and rigidity, strong bearing capacity, long service life, good service, trusted by the users.   

“FUSAI” brand Fuwa style trailer axle
1.CZPT spindle design which is the widely used in the industry with proven performance
2.Low-alloy machined spindles, friction welded seamlessly, and overall heat treating process
3.Axle stubs and brake hubs are all CZPT forging, ensure they are more powerful and better steady
4.Special clone-shape design on the axle-shoulders, lessening stress concentration and enhancing anti-fatigue performance
5.Unique design on axle stubs (with a precise declination angel at both ends) to minimize tire wear
6.National and industry standard compliant set components
7.National Automobile Monitor and Inspection Center certified axle shaft that undergoes over 1.2 million times of Fatigue testing and built to meet or exceed national industry standards.

Specifications:

Axle Type Bearings Max.
Capacity
(T)
Brake
(mm)
Track
(mm)
 
Center
Distance
Of
Brake
Chamber
(mm)
Axle
Tube
(mm)
Stud
 
PCD
(mm)
Hole
Diameter
(mm)
 
Total
Length
(mm)
Weight
(kg)
FS-
2001
HM212049/10
HM218248/10
11 420*180 1850 410 Φ127*16 10*M22*1.5ISO 285.75 221 2185 363
FS-
2002
HM212049/10
HM218248/10
11 420*180 1850 400 Φ127*16 10*M20*1.5ISO 335 281 2185 350
FS-
2003
HM518445/10
HM518445/10
12 420*180 1820 368 Φ127*16
127*127*16
10*M22*1.5ISO 335 281 2165 361
FS-
2004
HM518445/10
HM518445/10
12 420*180 1820 368 Φ127*16
127*127*16
10*M20*1.5JIS 285.75 221 2165 347
FS-
2401
HM518445/10
HM518445/10
13 420*180 1840 388 150*150*12 10*M22*1.5ISO 335 281 2185 363
FS-
2402
HM518445/10
HM518445/10
13 420*180 1840 388 150*150*12 10*M20*1.5JIS 285.75 221 2185 350
FS-
2403
HM518445/10
HM518445/10
13 420*180 1840 388 150*150*12 8*M20*1.5JIS 285 221 2185 365
FS-
2404
HM518445/10
HM518445/10
16 420*220 1840 354 150*150*16 8*M22*1.5ISO 335 281 2185 421

Attention:

1. Optional track length available.

2. Optional ABS and automatic slack adjuster available.

3. All the components are in common use of Fuwa.

4. Rights of changing product’s design and specification are reserved.

More products and information, please refer to our website: sdfhcq

ZheJiang CZPT Co.,Ltd
Sales manager: Norton Hu

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After-sales Service: Available
Warranty: 1 Year
Type: Axle
Customization:
Available

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Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

axle

Are there guidelines for choosing the right axle for towing heavy loads?

When it comes to towing heavy loads, selecting the appropriate axle is crucial for ensuring safe and efficient towing performance. While the specific guidelines may vary depending on the vehicle and towing requirements, there are general considerations to keep in mind when choosing the right axle. Here’s a detailed explanation of the guidelines for selecting the right axle for towing heavy loads:

Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR):

One of the primary factors to consider is the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) provided by the vehicle manufacturer. The GAWR specifies the maximum weight that an axle is designed to support safely. It is essential to ensure that the selected axle’s GAWR is sufficient to handle the anticipated weight of the loaded trailer and any additional cargo or passengers in the towing vehicle. Exceeding the GAWR can lead to axle failure, compromised handling, and safety risks.

Towing Capacity:

Check the towing capacity of your vehicle, which represents the maximum weight that the vehicle is rated to tow. The axle’s capacity should align with the towing capacity to ensure safe and efficient towing. Consider the type and size of the trailer you intend to tow, including its loaded weight, tongue weight, and any weight distribution considerations. The axle should be capable of handling the anticipated load without exceeding its capacity.

Matching Axle and Suspension:

The axle and suspension system work together to support the weight of the vehicle and the trailer being towed. It is important to ensure that the axle and suspension are properly matched to provide adequate support and stability. Consider the type of suspension (leaf springs, coil springs, air suspension) and the axle’s design (solid axle, independent suspension) to ensure compatibility and optimal towing performance.

Braking System:

When towing heavy loads, the braking system plays a critical role in maintaining control and safety. Ensure that the axle is equipped with appropriate brakes that can handle the increased load. Consider the type of brakes, such as electric brakes or hydraulic brakes, and their capacity to provide sufficient stopping power for the combined weight of the towing vehicle and trailer.

Weight Distribution:

Proper weight distribution is essential for safe towing. The axle should be selected based on the anticipated weight distribution between the towing vehicle and the trailer. Consider factors like tongue weight and the use of weight distribution hitches or sway control devices to ensure balanced weight distribution and optimal handling characteristics.

Consult Manufacturer Recommendations:

Always refer to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations, specifications, and guidelines when selecting an axle for towing heavy loads. The manufacturer’s guidelines will provide accurate and vehicle-specific information to help you make the right choice. Consult the owner’s manual or contact the manufacturer directly for any specific towing-related recommendations.

It’s important to note that towing requirements and axle specifications can vary depending on the vehicle make and model, as well as regional regulations. It is advisable to consult with automotive experts, such as mechanics or dealerships, who have expertise in towing and can provide specific recommendations based on your vehicle and towing needs.

axle

Can you provide insights into the advancements in axle technology in recent years?

In recent years, there have been significant advancements in axle technology to enhance performance, efficiency, and safety in vehicles. Here are some insights into the key advancements:

  1. Lightweight Materials:
  2. One notable advancement is the use of lightweight materials in axle construction. Manufacturers have increasingly utilized materials such as aluminum alloys and high-strength steels to reduce the weight of axles without compromising strength and durability. Lighter axles contribute to improved fuel efficiency and overall vehicle performance.

  3. Electronic Differential:
  4. Electronic differentials, also known as eDiffs, have gained popularity in recent years. They utilize sensors, actuators, and control algorithms to monitor and distribute torque between the wheels more efficiently. Electronic differentials enhance traction, stability, and handling by actively managing torque distribution, especially in vehicles equipped with advanced stability control systems.

  5. Advanced Axle Bearings:
  6. Axle bearings have seen advancements in design and materials to reduce friction, improve efficiency, and enhance durability. For example, the use of roller bearings or tapered roller bearings has become more prevalent, offering reduced frictional losses and improved load-carrying capacity. Some manufacturers have also introduced sealed or maintenance-free bearings to minimize maintenance requirements.

  7. Electric Axles:
  8. With the rise of electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid vehicles, electric axles have emerged as a significant technological advancement. Electric axles integrate electric motors, power electronics, and gear systems into the axle assembly. They eliminate the need for traditional drivetrain components, simplify vehicle packaging, and offer benefits such as instant torque, regenerative braking, and improved energy efficiency.

  9. Active Suspension Integration:
  10. Advancements in axle technology have facilitated the integration of active suspension systems into axle designs. Active suspension systems use sensors, actuators, and control algorithms to adjust the suspension characteristics in real-time, providing improved ride comfort, handling, and stability. Axles with integrated active suspension components offer more precise control over vehicle dynamics.

  11. Improved Sealing and Lubrication:
  12. Axles have seen advancements in sealing and lubrication technologies to enhance durability and minimize maintenance requirements. Improved sealing systems help prevent contamination and retain lubricants, reducing the risk of premature wear or damage. Enhanced lubrication systems with better heat dissipation and reduced frictional losses contribute to improved efficiency and longevity.

  13. Autonomous Vehicle Integration:
  14. The development of autonomous vehicles has spurred advancements in axle technology. Axles are being designed to accommodate the integration of sensors, actuators, and communication systems necessary for autonomous driving. These advancements enable seamless integration with advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) and autonomous driving features, ensuring optimal performance and safety.

It’s important to note that the specific advancements in axle technology can vary across different vehicle manufacturers and models. Furthermore, ongoing research and development efforts continue to drive further innovations in axle design, materials, and functionalities.

For the most up-to-date and detailed information on axle technology advancements, it is advisable to consult automotive manufacturers, industry publications, and reputable sources specializing in automotive technology.

axle

What is the primary function of an axle in a vehicle or machinery?

An axle plays a vital role in both vehicles and machinery, providing essential functions for their operation. The primary function of an axle is to transmit rotational motion and torque from an engine or power source to the wheels or other rotating components. Here are the key functions of an axle:

  1. Power Transmission:
  2. An axle serves as a mechanical link between the engine or power source and the wheels or driven components. It transfers rotational motion and torque generated by the engine to the wheels, enabling the vehicle or machinery to move. As the engine rotates the axle, the rotational force is transmitted to the wheels, propelling the vehicle forward or driving the machinery’s various components.

  3. Support and Load Bearing:
  4. An axle provides structural support and load-bearing capability, especially in vehicles. It bears the weight of the vehicle or machinery and distributes it evenly across the wheels or supporting components. This load-bearing function ensures stability, balance, and proper weight distribution, contributing to safe and efficient operation.

  5. Wheel and Component Alignment:
  6. The axle helps maintain proper alignment of the wheels or rotating components. It ensures that the wheels are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the ground, promoting stability and optimal tire contact with the road surface. In machinery, the axle aligns and supports the rotating components, ensuring their correct positioning and enabling smooth and efficient operation.

  7. Suspension and Absorption of Shocks:
  8. In vehicles, particularly those with independent suspension systems, the axle plays a role in the suspension system’s operation. It may incorporate features such as differential gears, CV joints, or other mechanisms that allow the wheels to move independently while maintaining power transfer. The axle also contributes to absorbing shocks and vibrations caused by road irregularities, enhancing ride comfort and vehicle handling.

  9. Steering Control:
  10. In some vehicles, such as trucks or buses, the front axle also serves as a steering axle. It connects to the steering mechanism, allowing the driver to control the direction of the vehicle. By turning the axle, the driver can steer the wheels, enabling precise maneuverability and navigation.

  11. Braking:
  12. An axle often integrates braking components, such as brake discs, calipers, or drums. These braking mechanisms are actuated when the driver applies the brakes, creating friction against the rotating axle or wheels and causing deceleration or stopping of the vehicle. The axle’s design can affect braking performance, ensuring effective and reliable stopping power.

Overall, the primary function of an axle in both vehicles and machinery is to transmit rotational motion, torque, and power from the engine or power source to the wheels or rotating components. Additionally, it provides support, load-bearing capability, alignment, suspension, steering control, and braking functions, depending on the specific application and design requirements.

China supplier 1 Year CZPT in Bulk Air Suspension 13ton Trailer Axle   axle shaftChina supplier 1 Year CZPT in Bulk Air Suspension 13ton Trailer Axle   axle shaft
editor by CX 2023-12-27

China high quality Hot Wholesale Spline Sleeve Cutting Motor Shaft of Air Cooler near me shop

Product Description

1. Description
 

Product name

304 stainless steel shaft

Material 

Stainless Steel,Aluminum,Brass, Bronze,Carbon steel and ect. environmental protection material.

Size 

 Customized according to your drawing.

Services

OEM, design, customized

Tolerance 

+/-0.01mm to +/-0.005mm

Surface treatment

Passivation

*Polishing

*Anodizing

*Sand blasting

*Electroplating(color, blue, white, black zinc, Ni, Cr, tin, copper, silver)

*Black oxide coating

*Heat-disposing

*Hot-dip galvanizing

*Rust preventive oil

MOQ

1 piece Copper bushing

Samples

We can make sample within 7days free of charge

Certificate

ISO9001:2015  cnc machining turning parts shaft

Payment Terms

Bank Transfer;Western Union; Paypal ; Payoneer, Alibaba Trade Assurance30% deposit & balance before shipping.

Delivery time

Within 15-20 workdays after deposit or payment received

Shipping Port

HangZhou  304 stainless steel shaft

2. Main Motor Shafts

3. Work Flow

4. Application

5. About US

 

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

China high quality Hot Wholesale Spline Sleeve Cutting Motor Shaft of Air Cooler     near me shop China high quality Hot Wholesale Spline Sleeve Cutting Motor Shaft of Air Cooler     near me shop