Tag Archives: bearing wheel

China Standard Truck Rear Axle Bridge with Disk Brake Wheel Bearing Semi–Trailer Axle with Air Bag Suspension Spring axle assembly

Product Description

Product Description

Model

Installation Height (mm)

Apply Axle

Center Distance (mm)

Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Arm Specification

DRGK/4 sets of air drum brakes used for light-duty vehicles, 3 sets of wheel hub and brake drum, 200000 sets of trailer axles.
There are more than 600 employees at work in Lide company, including 40 engineering technicians.
In 2009, the company passed the quality system QS9000, IATF16949.
Lide’s products are supplied for customers such as Xihu (West Lake) Dis.feng Truck, Sino Truck, Benz Truck, MAN Truck, CZPT Truck, CZPT Daimler Truck, CZPT Axle, etc.
 

 

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After-sales Service: 3 Year
Condition: New
Axle Number: 1
Samples:
US$ 100/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

19.5inch disc brake axle for truck trailer
Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

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Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

axle

What are the safety considerations when working with axles, especially during repairs?

Working with axles, especially during repairs, requires careful attention to safety to prevent accidents and injuries. Here are some important safety considerations to keep in mind when working with axles:

1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

Wear appropriate personal protective equipment, including safety goggles, gloves, and steel-toed boots. PPE helps protect against potential hazards such as flying debris, sharp edges, and accidental contact with heavy components.

2. Vehicle Stability:

Ensure that the vehicle is on a stable and level surface before working on the axles. Engage the parking brake and use wheel chocks to prevent unintended vehicle movement. The stability of the vehicle is crucial to maintain a safe working environment.

3. Lifting and Support:

Use proper lifting equipment, such as hydraulic jacks or vehicle lifts, to raise the vehicle safely. Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for lifting points and weight capacities. Once the vehicle is lifted, support it securely with jack stands or other appropriate supports to prevent it from falling or shifting during repairs.

4. Lockout/Tagout:

If the repair work involves disconnecting or removing any electrical or mechanical components that could cause the axle or wheels to move, follow lockout/tagout procedures. This involves locking and tagging out the power source, so it cannot be accidentally energized while work is being performed.

5. Proper Tools and Equipment:

Use the correct tools and equipment for the job. Using improper tools or makeshift methods can lead to accidents and damage to the axle or surrounding components. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and recommended procedures for disassembling, repairing, and reassembling the axle.

6. Proper Torque and Tightening:

When reassembling the axle components, use a torque wrench to ensure that fasteners are tightened to the manufacturer’s specifications. Over-tightening or under-tightening can lead to component failure or damage. Follow the recommended torque values provided by the vehicle manufacturer.

7. Safe Handling of Heavy Components:

Axle components can be heavy and cumbersome. Use appropriate lifting techniques and equipment, such as hoists or lifting straps, to safely handle heavy axle parts. Avoid lifting heavy components alone whenever possible and ask for assistance when needed.

8. Proper Disposal of Fluids and Waste:

If the repair involves draining fluids from the axle, such as differential oil, ensure proper disposal according to local regulations. Use appropriate containers to collect and store fluids and dispose of them at authorized collection points.

9. Training and Experience:

Working with axles requires knowledge and experience. If you are unfamiliar with axle repairs, consider seeking assistance from a qualified mechanic or technician who has the necessary training and expertise. If you decide to perform the repairs yourself, ensure that you have the appropriate knowledge and skills to carry out the task safely.

By following these safety considerations, you can help minimize the risk of accidents, injuries, and damage when working with axles, ensuring a safe working environment for yourself and others involved in the repair process.

axle

Where can I purchase high-quality replacement axles for my make and model of vehicle?

When it comes to purchasing high-quality replacement axles for your specific make and model of vehicle, there are several reliable sources you can consider. Here are some options:

  1. Authorized Dealerships:
  2. Authorized dealerships of your vehicle’s manufacturer are a trustworthy option for purchasing replacement axles. They offer genuine parts that are specifically designed and engineered for your make and model. Contact your local dealership’s parts department to inquire about the availability of replacement axles.

  3. Independent Auto Parts Stores:
  4. Independent auto parts stores often carry a wide range of replacement axles from reputable manufacturers. These stores typically have knowledgeable staff who can help you identify the correct axle for your vehicle. Examples of popular auto parts stores include AutoZone, Advance Auto Parts, and O’Reilly Auto Parts.

  5. Online Retailers:
  6. Online retailers provide a convenient way to browse and purchase replacement axles from the comfort of your home. Websites such as Amazon, eBay, and RockAuto offer extensive selections of axles for various vehicle makes and models. Be sure to verify the compatibility of the axles with your specific vehicle before making a purchase.

  7. Specialty Performance Retailers:
  8. If you are looking for high-performance or upgraded axles, specialty performance retailers may be the way to go. These retailers cater to enthusiasts and offer axles that are designed to handle increased power, torque, or off-road demands. Examples of specialty performance retailers include Summit Racing, Jegs, and 4 Wheel Parts.

  9. Local Salvage Yards:
  10. Salvage yards, also known as junkyards or auto recyclers, can be a cost-effective option for finding used axles in good condition. Some salvage yards have an inventory system that allows you to search for specific parts based on your vehicle’s make and model. It’s important to thoroughly inspect used axles before purchase to ensure they meet your requirements.

  11. Vehicle Manufacturer’s Online Parts Store:
  12. Many vehicle manufacturers have their own online parts stores where you can directly purchase genuine replacement parts, including axles. These online stores provide the assurance of authenticity and compatibility with your specific make and model. Visit the official website of your vehicle’s manufacturer and look for their parts store section.

When purchasing replacement axles, it’s important to prioritize quality and ensure that the parts meet or exceed the original equipment specifications. Consider factors such as warranty coverage, customer reviews, and the reputation of the manufacturer or retailer. Additionally, consult with knowledgeable professionals or refer to your vehicle’s owner’s manual for specific axle specifications and recommendations.

axle

Can you explain the importance of axle alignment for vehicle stability and handling?

Axle alignment plays a crucial role in ensuring vehicle stability and handling characteristics. Proper alignment of the axles is essential for maintaining optimal tire contact with the road surface, minimizing tire wear, maximizing traction, and promoting safe and predictable handling. Here are the key reasons why axle alignment is important:

  1. Tire Wear and Longevity:
  2. Correct axle alignment helps distribute the vehicle’s weight evenly across all four tires. When the axles are properly aligned, the tires wear evenly, reducing the risk of premature tire wear and extending their lifespan. Misaligned axles can cause uneven tire wear patterns, such as excessive wear on the inner or outer edges of the tires, leading to the need for premature tire replacement.

  3. Optimal Traction:
  4. Proper axle alignment ensures that the tires maintain optimal contact with the road surface. When the axles are aligned correctly, the tires can evenly distribute the driving forces, maximizing traction and grip. This is particularly important during acceleration, braking, and cornering, as proper alignment helps prevent tire slippage and improves overall vehicle stability.

  5. Steering Response and Stability:
  6. Axle alignment directly affects steering response and stability. When the axles are properly aligned, the vehicle responds predictably to driver inputs, providing precise and accurate steering control. Misaligned axles can lead to steering inconsistencies, such as pulling to one side or requiring constant correction, compromising vehicle stability and handling.

  7. Reduced Rolling Resistance:
  8. Proper axle alignment helps reduce rolling resistance, which is the force required to move the vehicle forward. When the axles are aligned correctly, the tires roll smoothly and effortlessly, minimizing energy loss due to friction. This can contribute to improved fuel efficiency and reduced operating costs.

  9. Vehicle Safety:
  10. Correct axle alignment is crucial for ensuring vehicle safety. Misaligned axles can affect the vehicle’s stability, especially during emergency maneuvers or sudden lane changes. Proper alignment helps maintain the intended handling characteristics of the vehicle, reducing the risk of loss of control and improving overall safety.

To achieve proper axle alignment, several key parameters are considered, including camber, toe, and caster angles. Camber refers to the vertical tilt of the wheel when viewed from the front, toe refers to the angle of the wheels in relation to each other when viewed from above, and caster refers to the angle of the steering axis in relation to vertical when viewed from the side. These alignment angles are adjusted to meet the vehicle manufacturer’s specifications and ensure optimal performance.

It’s important to note that factors such as road conditions, driving habits, and vehicle modifications can affect axle alignment over time. Regular maintenance and periodic alignment checks are recommended to ensure that the axles remain properly aligned, promoting vehicle stability, handling, and safety.

China Standard Truck Rear Axle Bridge with Disk Brake Wheel Bearing Semi--Trailer Axle with Air Bag Suspension Spring   axle assemblyChina Standard Truck Rear Axle Bridge with Disk Brake Wheel Bearing Semi--Trailer Axle with Air Bag Suspension Spring   axle assembly
editor by CX 2024-04-12

China manufacturer Bearing Kit Vkba3575 Front Wheel Axle Size 40X75X37mm OEM C2s8276 for CZPT and CZPT with high quality

Product Description

Basic information:

Description Front wheel bearing C2S8276
Material Chrome steel Gcr15
Application For CZPT and JAGUAR
Size Inner: 40mm
Outer: 75mm
Width: 37mm
Position Front axle left and right
With ABS Yes
Weight 0.75 kg
Brand SI, PPB, or customized
Packing Neutral, SI, PPB brand packing or customized
OEM/ODM service Yes
Manufacture place ZHangZhoug, China
MOQ 50 PCS
OEM replacement Yes
Inspection 100%
Warranty 1 year or 40,000-50,000 KMS
Certificate ISO9001:2015 TS16949
Payment T/T, PayPal, Alibaba

Detailed pictures:

O.E.:
For FORD: 1 133 571
For FORD: 1S7W-1215-AA
For FORD: 4103363
For FORD: 4563516
For JAGUAR: C2S8276

Ref.:
For FAG: 
For FAG: 
For FEBI BILSTEIN: 19705
For FEBI BILSTEIN: 19706
For OPTIMAL: 301183
For SKF: VKBA 3575
For SNR: R152.23

Application:
For CZPT Cougar Coupe (EC) (131 – 205 PS, 08.1998 – 12.2001 MY)
For FORD Mondeo Mk3 Hatchback (B5Y) (90 – 226 PS, 10.2000 – 03.2007 MY)
For FORD Mondeo Mk3 Estate (BWY) (90 – 226 PS, 10.2000 – 03.2007 MY) For FORD Mondeo Mk3 Saloon (B4Y) (90 – 226 PS, 10.2000 – 03.2007 MY) For CZPT X-Type Estate (X400) (130 – 230 PS, 11.2003 – 12.2009 MY) For CZPT X-Type Saloon (X400) (130 – 230 PS, 06.2001 – 11.2009 MY) For CZPT XF Saloon (X250) (340 PS, 10.2012 – 04.2015 MY)

Other types(contact us for more):

S-KF Ref. Application
VKBA 3494 S-KODA
VKBA 3495 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3496 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3497 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3498 ROVER
VKBA 3499 BMW
VKBA 3500 O-PEL,R-ENAULT,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3501 O-PEL,R-ENAULT,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3502 ALFA ROMEO,LXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.A
VKBA 3503 ALFA ROMEO
VKBA 3504 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3506 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3508 IVEc
VKBA 3510 O-PEL,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3511 O-PEL,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3512 O-PEL,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3513 O-PEL,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3514 O-PEL,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3517 FORD
VKBA 3518 MERCEDES-BENZ
VKBA 3519 AUDI,SEAT, VW
VKBA 3520 MERCEDES-BENZ
VKBA 3521 MERCEDES-BENZ
VKBA 3522 MERCEDES-BENZ
VKBA 3523 V-OLVO
VKBA 3524 V-OLVO
VKBA 3525 DACIA, NISSAN,R-ENAULT
VKBA 3526 V-OLVO
VKBA 3527 LAND-ROVER
VKBA 3528 FIAT
VKBA 3530 FORD, MAZDA
VKBA 3531 FORD
VKBA 3532 FORD, MAZDA
VKBA 3534 SAAB
VKBA 3535 AUDI
VKBA 3536 AUDI, SEAT, VW
VKBA 3538 CITROËN,FIAT,LXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.A,P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3539 ALFA ROMEO,CITROËN,FIAT,FORD,LXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.A, P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3540 ALFA ROMEO,CITROËN,FIAT,FORD,LXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.A, P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3541 ALFA ROMEO
VKBA 3542 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3543 SAAB
VKBA 3544 LXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.A
VKBA 3545 CITROËN,P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3546 CITROËN,P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3548 SEAT,VW
VKBA 3549 AUDI,VW
VKBA 3550 AUDI,VW
VKBA 3551 IVEC
VKBA 3552 IVEC
VKBA 3553 IVEC
VKBA 3554 CITROËN,P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3555 O-PEL,SAAB,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3556 CITROËN,P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3557 CITROËN,P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3558 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3559 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3560 P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3561 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3562 CITROËN,P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3564 P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3565 MERCEDES-BENZ
VKBA 3567 AUDI,SEAT,S-KODA,VW
VKBA 3568 S-KODA,VW
VKBA 3569 AUDI,SEAT,S-KODA,VW
VKBA 3570 SEAT,VW
VKBA 3571 O-PEL,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3572 O-PEL,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3574 BMW
VKBA 3575 FORD,JAGUAR
VKBA 3576 FORD,JAGUAR
VKBA 3577 FIAT,FORD,LXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.A
VKBA 3578 ALFA ROMEO,FIAT,LXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.A
VKBA 3580 ALFA ROMEO
VKBA 3581 FIAT
VKBA 3583 FIAT
VKBA 3584 CITROËN,P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3585 CITROËN,P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3586 CITROËN
VKBA 3587 CITROËN,P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3588 FORD
VKBA 3589 FORD
VKBA 3590 FORD
VKBA 3592 CITROËN,P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3594 CITROËN
VKBA 3595 CITROËN, P-EUGEOT
VKBA 3596 DACIA,NISSAN, R-ENAULT
VKBA 3597 ALFA ROMEO
VKBA 3598 FIAT,LXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.A,O-PEL,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3599 ALFA ROMEO,FIAT,LXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.A,O-PEL, VAUXHALL
VKBA 3600 O-PEL, VAUXHALL
VKBA 3601 O-PEL, VAUXHALL
VKBA 3602 O-PEL, VAUXHALL
VKBA 3603 LAND-ROVER,MG, ROVER
VKBA 3604 MG,ROVER
VKBA 3605 AUDI
VKBA 3606 AUDI,SEAT
VKBA 3607 AUDI,SEAT,VW
VKBA 3608 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3609 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3610 MG,ROVER
VKBA 3611 ROVER
VKBA 3612 R-ENAULT
VKBA 3613 O-PEL,R-ENAULT,VAUXHALL
VKBA 3614 O-PEL,R-ENAULT,VAUXHALL

Our Company:
SI&PPB bearing has a plant area of 50,000 square meters, assets of RMB180 million, 500 employees, and 150 professional and technical personnel. The company uses high-quality GCR15 as its raw materials and uses Austenite heat treatment to ensure the service life of the products.
“The factory produces series models of mechanical clutch release bearings, belt tension wheel units, wheel bearings, and wheel bearing repair kits.
Partial products are produced by professional outsourcing factories, and the company’s testing center provides professional testing to ensure that the products meet the drawings or customer’s requirements.”

A wide range of applications:
• agriculture and forestry equipment
• automotive and industrial gearboxes
• automotive and truck electric components, such as alternators
• electric motors
• fluid machinery
• material handling
• power tools and household appliances
• textile machinery
• 2 Wheeler.

FAQ:
Q1.What is your shipping logistic?
Re: DHL, TNT, FedEx express, by air/sea/train.

Q2:What’s the MOQ?
Re: For the wheel hub bearing repair kit. The MOQ is always 50 sets. If ordering together with other models, a small quantities can be organized. But need more time due to the production schedule.

Q3. What are your goods of packing?
Re: Generally, our goods will be packed in Neutral white or brown boxes for the hub bearing unit. Our brand packing SI & CZPT are offered. If you have any other packing requests, we shall also handle them.

Q4. What is your sample policy?
Re: We can supply the sample if we have ready parts in stock.

Q5. Do you have any certificates?
Re: Yes, we have the certificate of ISO9001:2015.

Q6:Any warranty of your products.
Re: Sure, We are offering a guaranty for 12 months or 40,000-50,000 km for the aftermarket.

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After-sales Service: Yes
Warranty: 12 Month
Type: Wheel Hub Bearing
Material: Chrome Steel
Tolerance: P0
Certification: ISO9001, TS16949
Samples:
US$ 50/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle

Where can I find information on axle load limits for various types of vehicles?

When seeking information on axle load limits for different types of vehicles, there are several reliable sources where you can find the necessary information. Here’s a detailed explanation of where you can find information on axle load limits:

1. Vehicle Owner’s Manual:

The first and most accessible source of information on axle load limits is the vehicle owner’s manual. The owner’s manual provided by the vehicle manufacturer typically includes important details about the vehicle’s specifications, including axle load limits. Look for sections related to vehicle loading, weight distribution, or axle specifications to find the recommended load limits for each axle of your specific vehicle model.

2. Government Transportation Authorities:

Government transportation authorities, such as departments of transportation or road transport authorities, often provide guidelines and regulations regarding vehicle weight limits, including axle load limits. These authorities establish and enforce weight restrictions to ensure road safety and prevent damage to infrastructure. Visit the website of your local or national transportation authority to access relevant regulations or guidelines pertaining to axle load limits for various types of vehicles.

3. Commercial Vehicle Regulations:

If you are specifically interested in axle load limits for commercial vehicles, such as trucks or buses, consult the commercial vehicle regulations applicable in your region. These regulations are established to ensure safe and efficient operation of commercial vehicles on public roads. Regulatory bodies responsible for commercial vehicle operations often provide detailed information on axle load limits, weight distribution requirements, and other related specifications.

4. Vehicle Manufacturer or Dealer:

If you require axle load limit information for a specific vehicle model or variant, contacting the vehicle manufacturer or a local authorized dealer can be helpful. They can provide accurate and up-to-date information specific to your vehicle. Provide them with the vehicle identification number (VIN) or other relevant details to ensure they can assist you accurately.

5. Online Resources and Databases:

There are online resources and databases dedicated to providing information on vehicle specifications, including axle load limits. These resources may include vehicle data websites, forums, or government databases that compile and provide access to vehicle specifications and regulatory information. Conduct an internet search using relevant keywords to find reliable online sources that offer information on axle load limits for various types of vehicles.

When seeking information on axle load limits, it’s crucial to ensure that the information you obtain is accurate, up-to-date, and applicable to your specific vehicle and jurisdiction. Regulations and load limits can vary depending on the country, region, vehicle type, and other factors. Therefore, it is advisable to consult official sources or seek professional advice to ensure compliance with applicable regulations and ensure safe and legal operation of your vehicle.

axle

Can you provide insights into the advancements in axle technology in recent years?

In recent years, there have been significant advancements in axle technology to enhance performance, efficiency, and safety in vehicles. Here are some insights into the key advancements:

  1. Lightweight Materials:
  2. One notable advancement is the use of lightweight materials in axle construction. Manufacturers have increasingly utilized materials such as aluminum alloys and high-strength steels to reduce the weight of axles without compromising strength and durability. Lighter axles contribute to improved fuel efficiency and overall vehicle performance.

  3. Electronic Differential:
  4. Electronic differentials, also known as eDiffs, have gained popularity in recent years. They utilize sensors, actuators, and control algorithms to monitor and distribute torque between the wheels more efficiently. Electronic differentials enhance traction, stability, and handling by actively managing torque distribution, especially in vehicles equipped with advanced stability control systems.

  5. Advanced Axle Bearings:
  6. Axle bearings have seen advancements in design and materials to reduce friction, improve efficiency, and enhance durability. For example, the use of roller bearings or tapered roller bearings has become more prevalent, offering reduced frictional losses and improved load-carrying capacity. Some manufacturers have also introduced sealed or maintenance-free bearings to minimize maintenance requirements.

  7. Electric Axles:
  8. With the rise of electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid vehicles, electric axles have emerged as a significant technological advancement. Electric axles integrate electric motors, power electronics, and gear systems into the axle assembly. They eliminate the need for traditional drivetrain components, simplify vehicle packaging, and offer benefits such as instant torque, regenerative braking, and improved energy efficiency.

  9. Active Suspension Integration:
  10. Advancements in axle technology have facilitated the integration of active suspension systems into axle designs. Active suspension systems use sensors, actuators, and control algorithms to adjust the suspension characteristics in real-time, providing improved ride comfort, handling, and stability. Axles with integrated active suspension components offer more precise control over vehicle dynamics.

  11. Improved Sealing and Lubrication:
  12. Axles have seen advancements in sealing and lubrication technologies to enhance durability and minimize maintenance requirements. Improved sealing systems help prevent contamination and retain lubricants, reducing the risk of premature wear or damage. Enhanced lubrication systems with better heat dissipation and reduced frictional losses contribute to improved efficiency and longevity.

  13. Autonomous Vehicle Integration:
  14. The development of autonomous vehicles has spurred advancements in axle technology. Axles are being designed to accommodate the integration of sensors, actuators, and communication systems necessary for autonomous driving. These advancements enable seamless integration with advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) and autonomous driving features, ensuring optimal performance and safety.

It’s important to note that the specific advancements in axle technology can vary across different vehicle manufacturers and models. Furthermore, ongoing research and development efforts continue to drive further innovations in axle design, materials, and functionalities.

For the most up-to-date and detailed information on axle technology advancements, it is advisable to consult automotive manufacturers, industry publications, and reputable sources specializing in automotive technology.

axle

Are there aftermarket axles available for upgrading performance in off-road vehicles?

Yes, there are aftermarket axles available for upgrading performance in off-road vehicles. Off-road enthusiasts often seek aftermarket axle options to enhance the durability, strength, and performance of their vehicles in rugged and demanding terrains. Here’s some information about aftermarket axles for off-road applications:

1. Upgraded Axle Materials:

Aftermarket axles are typically made from high-strength materials such as chromoly steel or forged alloys. These materials offer superior strength and durability compared to stock axles, making them better suited for off-road use where extreme loads, impacts, and torsional forces are encountered.

2. Increased Axle Shaft Diameter:

Some aftermarket axles feature larger diameter shafts compared to stock axles. This increased diameter helps improve the axle’s load-carrying capacity and resistance to bending or torsion. It can also enhance the overall durability and reliability of the axle in off-road conditions.

3. Upgraded Axle Splines:

Axles with upgraded splines are designed to handle higher torque loads. Aftermarket axles may feature larger and stronger splines, providing increased power transfer capabilities and reducing the risk of spline failure, which can occur in extreme off-road situations.

4. Locking Differentials:

Some aftermarket axle options include integrated locking differentials. Locking differentials improve off-road traction by mechanically locking both wheels on an axle together, ensuring that power is distributed evenly to both wheels. This feature can be advantageous in challenging off-road conditions where maximum traction is required.

5. Lifted Vehicle Compatibility:

Aftermarket axles are often designed to accommodate lifted vehicles. Lift kits that raise the suspension height can impact the axle’s operating angles. Aftermarket axles may offer increased articulation or modified geometry to maintain proper alignment and reduce the risk of binding or premature wear.

When considering aftermarket axles for off-road vehicles, it’s essential to choose options that are compatible with your specific vehicle make, model, and suspension setup. Working with reputable manufacturers, consulting with experienced off-road enthusiasts, or seeking advice from professional mechanics can help you select the most suitable aftermarket axle upgrades for your off-road needs.

Lastly, it’s important to keep in mind that upgrading axles alone may not be sufficient for maximizing off-road performance. Other components such as suspension, tires, differential gears, and drivetrain systems should be considered as part of a comprehensive off-road build to ensure optimal performance, reliability, and safety.

China manufacturer Bearing Kit Vkba3575 Front Wheel Axle Size 40X75X37mm OEM C2s8276 for CZPT and CZPT   with high quality China manufacturer Bearing Kit Vkba3575 Front Wheel Axle Size 40X75X37mm OEM C2s8276 for CZPT and CZPT   with high quality
editor by CX 2024-02-05

China manufacturer Wheel Bearing Removal Tool, Universally Applicable to All Axle Bolted Wheels (5, 6 and 8 lug wheels) cv axle

Product Description

Overview                    
 

Quick Details Model Number Hi-shen-Garden Axle
Material Steel/Stainless steel/Aluminium etc.
Size According to your drawings
OEM or Trade OEM
QC System 100% inspection before shipment
Certification ISO9001:2008, TS16949
Surface treatment Zinc Plating, Phosphating and oiled, powder coated and so on
Payment T/T
Market Euro, USA ,Australian ,Spain ,Canada etc
Type Laser cutting parts
Supply Ability Supply Ability 100000 Piece/Pieces per Month
Packaging & Delivery Packaging Details According to the customer request and the product characteristics
Port HangZhou,China

Company profile   

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Hi-shen Hardware Co.,Ltd. stands on the beautiful and rich CZPT Port —-HangZhou city, ZHangZhoug province, nearby Xihu (West Lake) Dis. port, train station and high speed way provide a prerequisite for convenient transportation!

The company established in 2006 , specialize in all kinds of sheet metal fabrication , cnc machining parts , welding parts , stamping parts , tube bending parts and so on . Possess good sustainable development infrastructure and strain capacity for quick response to market demand . We carry out ISO9001 Quality Control System in our management .

Quality Control     

To ensure correct standard and choose equivalent standard for material and technique  requirements ,before running ,we would like to provide formal material certificate showing chemical compositions and property ,also if you need ,we can provide control plan ,showing   processing and inspection tooling.

Packaging & Shipping   

Company Information

 

Our Service     

1. OEM/ODM Services, We have engineers to design as buyer’s requirements.

2. Specialized in manufacture metal products, the factory equipped with Cutting machines, punch machines with 10T-60T, plate cutting machines, pipe bending machines, roll bending machine, drilling machine, milling machine, lathe, grander machine, Co2 and argon-arc welding machines, etc.

3. 450m long all automatized metal surface processing plant, all automatized oil wash, rust removing, powder coating, curving, water wash, drying, and other procedures.

FAQ                 

Q: Are you trading company or manufacturer ?
A: We are factory with ISO  and TS certificate .

Q: How long is your delivery time ?
A: Normaly 30days but it dpends on. For laser cutting  parts , we can supply it within 10days, for sheet metal fabrication we can catch  up within 25 days.We will always try  our best to meet customer’s requirment if there is urgency.

Q: Do you provide samples ? Is it free ?
A: Yes , we can offer samples for free if there is no jigs or toolings needed in the production .

Q: What is your payment terms ?
A: Usually we do at 30% TT  as deposit  with  full tooling cost if there is , and the balanace to be paid before shipment after approval of quality . But we  also can offer better terms after we start cooperation  while we have  more know about each other

After-sales Service: Customer
Condition: New
Axle Number: Customize
Application: Trailer
Certification: ISO
Material: Steel
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

Axles

Axle Types

An axle is the central shaft of a rotating gear or wheel. Axles are either fixed to the wheels or mounted directly to the vehicle. They rotate with the wheels and can be equipped with bearings for smooth operation. Axle types include Czpt axles, Drop out axles, and Splines. Each has a unique design and function.

Spindles

The spindles on a vehicle’s axle are the main components that connect the wheels to the axle. They mount the wheels on the axle and fasten the braking system to the axle assembly. The spindles are fastened to the axle assembly with king pins and ball joints. They also fasten the wheel hub to the spindle via a castelated nut. In both applications, axle spindles are pivot points that are used to make turning motion possible.
There are three types of spindles for an axle. Typically, the spindles are bolted to the ends of a tubular axle, which is suspended by springs. The third type is a short stub axle, which uses a torsion beam to help the axle maintain a smooth ride over bumpy terrain.

Czpt axles

Czpt axles are available in a variety of configurations. From beam-to-independent designs to single-point-to-double-point designs, there’s a Czpt axle to fit your needs. These axles are designed to provide maximum power in a small package. Czpt has a proven track record of innovation and durability.
Czpt axles are found in front-end steering vehicles and heavy-duty pickups. Some models only use the front axle. There are also Czpt axles for light-duty pickups. You can easily recognize a Czpt axle by its shape. Some online sources offer diagrams to help you identify the axle.
Among the most popular Czpt axles are the Czpt 60 and the Czpt 44. Both models are desirable in their own right. You can order Czpt axle parts from the Czpt website. These products include u joints, differential cases, and loc pins. These parts can be purchased online, and they will be delivered right to your door.
In addition to the Czpt 60 front axle, Czpt axles also feature great aftermarket support. They can be upgraded with locking differentials, limited slip differentials, and high-capacity differential covers. They also feature heat-sinks that keep the axle cool. Czpt axles are also compatible with nearly every traction aid in the market.
Czpt is a global leader in driveline products and genuine service parts. With over a century of experience manufacturing quality products, Czpt axles provide performance and reliability.
Axles

Drop out axles

Drop out axles are crucial for mounting a front wheel to a bike. If the axles are not present, the wheel will not be able to be mounted. These dropouts are made of either steel or aluminum. They are 5.8mm thick. Axles with quick release axle hubs are compatible with steel dropouts.
Axle manufacturers make different dropout axles that are compatible with different axle sizes. These axles are available in a wide range of styles. The Shimano modular dropout, for example, is available in three main axle specifications: Road, Track, and Maxle. These dropouts are also available with different axle pinions.
Drop out axles can be quick release or through. Quick release axles are lighter than thru axles. They weigh approximately 60 to 80 grams. The difference between quick release and thru axles is in the thread pitch. Quick release axles have a smaller pitch than thru axles, which allows for easier installation and removal.
Thru axles are a popular choice for mountain bikes. They prevent the front wheel from coming out while riding. They are more secure and can prevent a wheel from coming off when moving. They are usually made of a thicker rod and screw into the frame. Both types of dropouts have their advantages and disadvantages. You should choose the type that works best for your needs. This is a decision that you will have to make on your own.
Axles

CV joints

When your vehicle is in motion, the CV joints on your axle transfer torque to the wheels. Although these joints come in a wide variety of designs, they all contain a bearing assembly that allows them to move. These joints are protected by a rubber boot that is filled with grease to keep them lubricated. When they become worn, they can cause your car to shudder and vibrate while accelerating.
To avoid joint failure, it is important to keep the CV joints free of road debris. Luckily, the boots are made of durable rubber, and a good quality one can last 100,000 miles. Unfortunately, if the rubber boot is torn, dirt and moisture can leak into the joint. Therefore, it’s important to inspect the boots regularly, and replace them if necessary.
Damaged CV joints can make control of your vehicle extremely difficult. They can also cause your steering wheel to jerk when you’re accelerating, increasing the risk of an accident. A damaged CV joint can also lead to axle separation, which can cause massive damage and a serious safety risk. However, if you don’t have the funds to replace the joint, you can repair the problem by applying a sleeve.
Unlike other drive systems, CV axles can transfer torque at an angle. This is possible because of the constant velocity joints. They’re akin to the univeersal joints on tail shafts, except they work on a much larger angle. This allows the drive shaft to transfer torque to the front wheels smoothly. It also allows the axle to move up and down.
A damaged CV axle will make a characteristic clicking sound when you’re turning the vehicle. This noise is very distinctive and can only be heard when the vehicle is in motion. If you hear this noise, then the joint is worn and is in danger of failure. If this noise is loud and consistent, you’ll need to replace it.
China manufacturer Wheel Bearing Removal Tool, Universally Applicable to All Axle Bolted Wheels (5, 6 and 8 lug wheels)   cv axleChina manufacturer Wheel Bearing Removal Tool, Universally Applicable to All Axle Bolted Wheels (5, 6 and 8 lug wheels)   cv axle
editor by CX 2023-06-14

China Standard 512252 Wheel Bearing and Hub Assembly for CZPT near me shop

Product Description

1.Model:512252,HA595717,DACF1085,713660120

2.Product Specification:

Rear Axle
Flange Diameter: 5.5 In.
Bolt Circle Diameter: 3.1 In.
Wheel Pilot Diameter: 2.6 In.
Brake Pilot Diameter: 2.7 In.
Hub Pilot Diameter: 2.7 In.
Bolt Quantity: 4
Bolt Hole qty: N/A
ABS Sensor: No
Number of Splines: N/A

Volvo S40 2 46860-76GBC A B455-26-15XA BP4K-26-15XF D651-26-15XD DG357217WYA12RK DG357226W2RSC4 MB844919 MR316451 MR594142  NAVARA 4X4 NAVARA4X4-A TBA 512460 43550-0D-070 NO ABS 43550-0D-070                   

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

Functions

Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
splineshaft

Types

There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
splineshaft

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
splineshaft

Applications

The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

China Standard 512252 Wheel Bearing and Hub Assembly for CZPT     near me shop China Standard 512252 Wheel Bearing and Hub Assembly for CZPT     near me shop

China Professional Wheel Hub Bearing 515054 for Chevrolet, GM near me factory

Product Description

Contact Person: Frank
Mobile:

Product Specofocation:
Front Axle
Flange Diameter: 7.1 In.
Bolt Circle Diameter: 5.5 In.
Wheel Pilot Diameter: 3.1 In.
Brake Pilot Diameter: 3.1 In.
Flange Offset: 2 In.
Hub Pilot Diameter: 3.9 In.
Hub Bolt Circle Diameter: 4.3 In.
Bolt Quantity: 6
Bolt Hole qty: 3
ABS Sensor: Yes
Number of Splines: 33

 

Remark:
1. Price term: FOB.
2. Delivery date: 45 days after receive the deposit.
3. MOQ: 50PCS

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China Professional Wheel Hub Bearing 515054 for Chevrolet, GM     near me factory China Professional Wheel Hub Bearing 515054 for Chevrolet, GM     near me factory

China Standard 515007 Dodge Durango Wheel Hub Bearing 52069361ab with Great quality

Product Description

515AB 

Parts No. Ref. No.
515007

52069361AB
141144748
BR935717
BR935717
 

1. Product Description:
(1). Market type: After market
(2).Packaging Detail: Neutral packing or according to customer’s requirement brand color box.
(3)
Front Axle
Flange Diameter: 6.310 In.
Bolt Circle Diameter: 4.500 In.
Wheel Pilot Diameter: 2.810 In.
Brake Pilot Diameter: 2.890 In.
Flange Offset: 2.106 In.
Hub Pilot Diameter: 3.500 In.
Hub Bolt Circle Diameter: 4.9 In.
Bolt Size: M14X1.5
Bolt Quantity: 6
Bolt Hole MET: M14X1.5
Bolt Hole qty: 3
Flange Shape: TRIANGULAR
ABS Sensor: No

(3).Application:
Dodge Dakota 1997-2004 4WD, Non-ABS
Dodge Durango 1998-2003 4WD, 2-Wheel ABS
Number of Splines: 31
 

 

2. Products features:
(1). Made of high-quality  Chrome Steel.
(2). Perfect process, high reliability.
(3). Superior quality(ISO9001, TS16949 standard), long working life.
(4). OEM Service availble.

3.About us :
We are specialize in manufacturing wide range of automotive wheel bearing, wheel hub bearing, wheel hub .
 
We have passed the evaluation of ISO9001:2000 , TS16949 Quality management system certification and we believe that quality and service is key to success .our company will always offer high quality products and satisfying after-sale servie to all our customers .
 We sincerely welcome your call and enquiry for cooperation !
 

The Different Types of Splines in a Splined Shaft

A splined shaft is a machine component with internal and external splines. The splines are formed in 4 different ways: Involute, Parallel, Serrated, and Ball. You can learn more about each type of spline in this article. When choosing a splined shaft, be sure to choose the right 1 for your application. Read on to learn about the different types of splines and how they affect the shaft’s performance.
splineshaft

Involute splines

Involute splines in a splined shaft are used to secure and extend mechanical assemblies. They are smooth, inwardly curving grooves that resist separation during operation. A shaft with involute splines is often longer than the shaft itself. This feature allows for more axial movement. This is beneficial for many applications, especially in a gearbox.
The involute spline is a shaped spline, similar to a parallel spline. It is angled and consists of teeth that create a spiral pattern that enables linear and rotatory motion. It is distinguished from other splines by the serrations on its flanks. It also has a flat top. It is a good option for couplers and other applications where angular movement is necessary.
Involute splines are also called involute teeth because of their shape. They are flat on the top and curved on the sides. These teeth can be either internal or external. As a result, involute splines provide greater surface contact, which helps reduce stress and fatigue. Regardless of the shape, involute splines are generally easy to machine and fit.
Involute splines are a type of splines that are used in splined shafts. These splines have different names, depending on their diameters. An example set of designations is for a 32-tooth male spline, a 2,500-tooth module, and a 30 degree pressure angle. An example of a female spline, a fillet root spline, is used to describe the diameter of the splined shaft.
The effective tooth thickness of splines is dependent on the number of keyways and the type of spline. Involute splines in splined shafts should be designed to engage 25 to 50 percent of the spline teeth during the coupling. Involute splines should be able to withstand the load without cracking.

Parallel splines

Parallel splines are formed on a splined shaft by putting 1 or more teeth into another. The male spline is positioned at the center of the female spline. The teeth of the male spline are also parallel to the shaft axis, but a common misalignment causes the splines to roll and tilt. This is common in many industrial applications, and there are a number of ways to improve the performance of splines.
Typically, parallel splines are used to reduce friction in a rotating part. The splines on a splined shaft are narrower on the end face than the interior, which makes them more prone to wear. This type of spline is used in a variety of industries, such as machinery, and it also allows for greater efficiency when transmitting torque.
Involute splines on a splined shaft are the most common. They have equally spaced teeth, and are therefore less likely to crack due to fatigue. They also tend to be easy to cut and fit. However, they are not the best type of spline. It is important to understand the difference between parallel and involute splines before deciding on which spline to use.
The difference between splined and involute splines is the size of the grooves. Involute splines are generally larger than parallel splines. These types of splines provide more torque to the gear teeth and reduce stress during operation. They are also more durable and have a longer life span. And because they are used on farm machinery, they are essential in this type of application.
splineshaft

Serrated splines

A Serrated Splined Shaft has several advantages. This type of shaft is highly adjustable. Its large number of teeth allows large torques, and its shorter tooth width allows for greater adjustment. These features make this type of shaft an ideal choice for applications where accuracy is critical. Listed below are some of the benefits of this type of shaft. These benefits are just a few of the advantages. Learn more about this type of shaft.
The process of hobbing is inexpensive and highly accurate. It is useful for external spline shafts, but is not suitable for internal splines. This type of process forms synchronized shapes on the shaft, reducing the manufacturing cycle and stabilizing the relative phase between spline and thread. It uses a grinding wheel to shape the shaft. CZPT Manufacturing has a large inventory of Serrated Splined Shafts.
The teeth of a Serrated Splined Shaft are designed to engage with the hub over the entire circumference of the shaft. The teeth of the shaft are spaced uniformly around the spline, creating a multiple-tooth point of contact over the entire length of the shaft. The results of these analyses are usually satisfactory. But there are some limitations. To begin with, the splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft should be chosen carefully. If the application requires large-scale analysis, it may be necessary to modify the design.
The splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft are also used for other purposes. They can be used to transmit torque to another device. They also act as an anti-rotational device and function as a linear guide. Both the design and the type of splines determine the function of the Splined Shaft. In the automobile industry, they are used in vehicles, aerospace, earth-moving machinery, and many other industries.

Ball splines

The invention relates to a ball-spinned shaft. The shaft comprises a plurality of balls that are arranged in a series and are operatively coupled to a load path section. The balls are capable of rolling endlessly along the path. This invention also relates to a ball bearing. Here, a ball bearing is 1 of the many types of gears. The following discussion describes the features of a ball bearing.
A ball-splined shaft assembly comprises a shaft with at least 1 ball-spline groove and a plurality of circumferential step grooves. The shaft is held in a first holding means that extends longitudinally and is rotatably held by a second holding means. Both the shaft and the first holding means are driven relative to 1 another by a first driving means. It is possible to manufacture a ball-splined shaft in a variety of ways.
A ball-splined shaft features a nut with recirculating balls. The ball-splined nut rides in these grooves to provide linear motion while preventing rotation. A splined shaft with a nut that has recirculating balls can also provide rotary motion. A ball splined shaft also has higher load capacities than a ball bushing. For these reasons, ball splines are an excellent choice for many applications.
In this invention, a pair of ball-spinned shafts are housed in a box under a carrier device 40. Each of the 2 shafts extends along a longitudinal line of arm 50. One end of each shaft is supported rotatably by a slide block 56. The slide block also has a support arm 58 that supports the center arm 50 in a cantilever fashion.
splineshaft

Sector no-go gage

A no-go gauge is a tool that checks the splined shaft for oversize. It is an effective way to determine the oversize condition of a splined shaft without removing the shaft. It measures external splines and serrations. The no-go gage is available in sizes ranging from 19mm to 130mm with a 25mm profile length.
The sector no-go gage has 2 groups of diametrally opposed teeth. The space between them is manufactured to a maximum space width and the tooth thickness must be within a predetermined tolerance. This gage would be out of tolerance if the splines were measured with a pin. The dimensions of this splined shaft can be found in the respective ANSI or DIN standards.
The go-no-go gage is useful for final inspection of thread pitch diameter. It is also useful for splined shafts and threaded nuts. The thread of a screw must match the contour of the go-no-go gage head to avoid a no-go condition. There is no substitute for a quality machine. It is an essential tool for any splined shaft and fastener manufacturer.
The NO-GO gage can detect changes in tooth thickness. It can be calibrated under ISO17025 standards and has many advantages over a non-go gage. It also gives a visual reference of the thickness of a splined shaft. When the teeth match, the shaft is considered ready for installation. It is a critical process. In some cases, it is impossible to determine the precise length of the shaft spline.
The 45-degree pressure angle is most commonly used for axles and torque-delivering members. This pressure angle is the most economical in terms of tool life, but the splines will not roll neatly like a 30 degree angle. The 45-degree spline is more likely to fall off larger than the other two. Oftentimes, it will also have a crowned look. The 37.5 degree pressure angle is a compromise between the other 2 pressure angles. It is often used when the splined shaft material is harder than usual.

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China high quality Wheel Hub Bearing 515050 for Ford, 1L24-1104AC, Sp470200 with Good quality

Product Description

Contact:; Joanna Xuan  
 
Mob:; +86~8 13858117 
 

Wheel Hub Bearing for CZPT Explorer,; Lincoln Aviator 515050,; 1L24-1104AC,; 1L24-1104AD

1.; Product Description:;
(1);.; Part Number:; 515050,; 1L24-1104AC,; 1L24-1104AD
(2);.; Application:;
Ford Explorer 2002-2005 Except Sport&Sport Trac
Lincoln Aviator 2003-2005
Mercury Mountaineer 2002-2005
(3);.; Market type:; After market
(4);.; Packaging Detail:; Neutral packing or according to customer’s requirement.;
(5);.; Specification:;
Front axle
Flange Diameter:; 6.;3 In.;
Bolt Circle Diameter:; 4.;5In.;
Wheel Pilot Diameter:; 2.;8 In.;
Brake Pilot Diameter:; 3.;2 In.;
Flange Offset:; 1.;9 In.;
Hub Pilot Diameter:; 3.;3 In.;
Hub Bolt Circle Diameter:; 424 In.;
Bolt Quantity:; 5
Bolt Hole Quantity:; 3
ABS Sensor:; Y
Number of Splines:; 27

2.; Products features:;
(1);.; Made of high-quality GCR15 Chrome Steel.;
(2);.; Perfect process,; high reliability.;
(3);.; Superior quality(ISO9001,; TS16949 standard);,; long working life.;
(4);.; Competitive price.;
(5);.; OEM Service.;

We are specialize in manufacturing wide range of automotive wheel bearing,; wheel hub bearing,; wheel hub for European and American,; Japanese,; Korean automobiles:;
1.; The DAC Series wheel bearing;
2.; The Second generation wheel Hub Units;
3.; The Third generation wheel Hub bearing;

For more information please send your specific inquiry or OEM part No.; To us,; and we will reply you without delay!

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

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China supplier 512333 Wheel Bearing and Hub Assembly for Jeep near me shop

Product Description

1.Model:512333,HA595710,BR930649,515710AD

2.Product Specification:

Rear Axle
Flange Diameter
: 5.512 In.
Bolt Circle Diameter : 4.5 In.
Wheel Pilot Diameter : 2.64 In.
Brake Pilot Diameter : 3.150 In.
Flange Offset : 2.386 In.
Hub Pilot Diameter : 2.913 In.
Hub Bolt Circle Diameter : 3.898 In.
Bolt Size : M12X1.5
Bolt Quantity : 5
Bolt Hole MET : M12X1.25
Bolt Hole qty : 4
ABS Sensor : Y
Number of Splines : 25

 

DODGE CALIBER 2 46860-76GBC A B455-26-15XA BP4K-26-15XF D651-26-15XD DG357217WYA12RK DG357226W2RSC4 MB844919 MR316451 MR594142  NAVARA 4X4 NAVARA4X4-A TBA 512460 43550-0D-070 NO ABS 43550-0D-070                   

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

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China Professional Funch Wheel Hub Bearing 512236 for Buick near me supplier

Product Description

Contact Person: Frank
Mobile:

Product Specification:
Rear Axle
Flange Diameter: 5.73 In.
Bolt Circle Diameter: 4.53 In.
Wheel Pilot Diameter: 2.76 In.
Brake Pilot Diameter: 2.78 In.
Flange Offset: 1.66 In.
Hub Pilot Diameter: 3.59 In.
Hub Bolt Circle Diameter: 4.57 In.
Bolt Size: M12X1.5
Bolt Quantity: 5
Bolt Hole MET: M12X1.75
Bolt Hole qty: 3
Flange Shape: TRIANGULAR
ABS Sensor: No
Number of Splines: N/A

 

Remark:
1. Price term: FOB.
2. Delivery date: 45 days after receive the deposit.
3. MOQ: 50 PCS

Applications of Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
splineshaft

Optimal design

The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
splineshaft

Characteristics

An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.

Applications

Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
splineshaft

Predictability

Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.

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China Standard Wheel Hub Bearing for Chevrolet Trailblazer 513188 with Hot selling

Product Description

Wheel Hub Bearing CHEVROLET TR

513188

 

513188
1513 0571
8-12413037-0
FW9188
BR93571
12413037

1. Product Description:
(1). Market type: After market
(2).Packaging Detail: Neutral packing or according to customer’s requirement brand color box.
(3)
Front Axle
Flange Diameter: 5.94 In.
Bolt Circle Diameter: 5.00 In.
Wheel Pilot Diameter: 3.06 In.
Brake Pilot Diameter: 3.11 In.
Flange Offset: 1.85 In.
Hub Pilot Diameter: 3.62 In.
Hub Bolt Circle Diameter: 4.75 In.
Bolt Size: M12X1.5
Bolt Quantity: 6
Bolt Hole MET: M12X1.75
Bolt Hole qty: 3
Flange Shape: TRIANGULAR
ABS Sensor: Has ABS with Integral Sensor
Number of Splines: 27

(4).Application:

Buick Rainier 2004-2007 
Chevrolet SSR 2003-2006 
Chevrolet Trailblazer 2002-2009 
GMC Envoy 2002-2009 
 

2. Products features:
(1). Made of high-quality GCR15 Chrome Steel.
(2). Perfect process, high reliability.
(3). Superior quality(ISO9001, TS16949 standard), long working life.
(4). OEM Service availble.

3, More types of  Chevrolet Wheel Hub Bearing we can provide: 

OEM REF / AMC  Model Product Name
1915571 VKBA7437 CHEVROLET  CAPTIVA (C100, C140) 2.0 D WHEEL HUB BEARING 
515054 BR93571 CHEVROLET  EXPRESS 1500  WHEEL HUB BEARING 
513237 22728987 CHEVROLET   HHR06-09 WHEEL HUB BEARING 
515058 FW338    CHEVROLET  AVALANCHE 2500 2002-2007 4WD WHEEL HUB BEARING 
541009 96471775 CHEVROLET AVEO BASE MODEL L4 1.6L  WHEEL HUB BEARING 
541571 959 0571 7 CHEVROLET AVEO BASE MODEL L4 1.6L  WHEEL HUB BEARING 
513200 BR930497 CHEVROLET BLAZER 1998-2005 RWD       GMC CZPT 1998-2001 RWD WHEEL HUB BEARING 
HA590262 FW356 CHEVROLET CAPTIVA (C100, C140) 2006–06- WHEEL HUB BEARING 
512247 BR930365 CHEVROLET COBAL 2007 4-Wheel ABS WHEEL HUB BEARING 
515111 8-15100-274-0 CHEVROLET COLORADO BASE MODEL L4 2.8L 2770CC–169CID VIN 8 2004  WHEEL HUB BEARING 
590061 15170661 CHEVROLET COLORADO BASE MODEL L4 2.8L 2770CC–169CID VIN 8 2004  WHEEL HUB BEARING 
513571 7466924 Chevrolet Corvette 1984-1996 WHEEL HUB BEARING 
13557128   CHEVROLET CRUZE (J300) 2009–05- WHEEL HUB BEARING 
512446 HA590403 CHEVROLET CRUZE ECO L4 1.4L 1364CC–83CID VIN 9 LUJ TURBO 2011  WHEEL HUB BEARING 
513315 1350571 CHEVROLET CRUZE ECO L4 1.4L 1364CC–83CID VIN 9 LUJ TURBO 2011  WHEEL HUB BEARING 
513250 96639585 CHEVROLET  EPICA, SUZUKI VERONA  C– ABS  2006-2004 Rueda Delantera WHEEL HUB BEARING 
BR93 0571 SP450703  CHEVROLET EXPRESS 1500  WHEEL HUB BEARING 
515059 BR93571 CHEVROLET EXPRESS  2500 2009  WHEEL HUB BEARING 
512315 12413223 CHEVROLET HHR 2006-2009 Non-ABS WHEEL HUB BEARING 
541005   CHEVROLET SILVERADO 1500  WHEEL HUB BEARING 
515071 BR93571 CHEVROLET  SILVERADO 1500 2005-2006  WHEEL HUB BEARING 
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Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

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