Tag Archives: power tiller tractor

China supplier CE Certificate Td Chassis 130HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm with Hot selling

Product Description

Product Description:
TLK TD1004 90-130HP 4WD Wheel Agricultural Farm Tractor China big wheeled farming tractor with ISO Ce Certificate for Sale

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment

 

Main Technical Specifications:

Model  TK1004 TK1104 TK1204 TK1304
Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type
Dimensions of Tractor (mm)  Length 4480 4480 4480 4480
Width 2050 2050 2050 2050
Height 2570 2570 2570 2570
Tread Front Wheel 1610(usual) 1610(usual) 1610(usual) 1610(usual)
Rear Wheel 1608(usual) 1608(usual) 1608(usual) 1608(usual)
 Wheel Base 2366 2366 2366 2366
Min. Ground Base 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle)
Min. Usage Mass(kg) 4200 4200 4200 4200
Engine Model YTO LR4M3Z YTO LR4M3Z YTO LR6B5-23 YTO LR6M5-23
Type Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke
 Rated Power(kw) 66.2 80.8 88.2 95.6
Rated Rev.(r/min) 2300 2300 2300 2300
 Fuel Diesel Oil Diesel Oil Diesel Oil  Diesel Oil
 Tire Front Wheel 12.4-24 12.4-24 12.4-24 12.4-24
Rear Wheel 16.9-34 16.9-34 16.9-34 16.9-34
 Clutch Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage
Steering  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type
Transmission Box 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed
 Suspension Type Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3  (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional)
PTO Type and Rev.(r/min) Post-position, independent,
760/850 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/850 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/1000 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/1000 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Spline Size I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth

Technology & Innovation:

WeiFang Telake has established a professional R & D team, realized the self-control ability of core components by integrating the industry’s
advantageous resources, built a stable quality control system.
Invested tens millions to introduce intelligent mechanization total production line, automatic chassis production line, gearbox processing line and welding
robots, processing centers and other advanced production lines and equipment, to achieve an annual production capacity of 30,000 tractors.

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Packaging & Delivery:
-Delivery time:20- 30 days.

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Certifications:

Common problems
(1) Are you a manufacturing factory or a trading company?
We are a factory with 20 years of professional production experience in the field of 25hp-240hp tractors, located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, China. Our factory has passed ISO9001, CCC, CE, SGS and BV certification. We also have a quality control department to purchase products for customers. This is why the price of our tractors is so reasonable.
(2) Can we print the logo or company name on your product or packaging?
of course. Your logo can be printed on your product by embossing, self-adhesive or silk-screen printing.
(3) About the price
The price is negotiable. It can be changed according to the options or packaging of the tractor.
(4) Regarding payment or other issues
We accept LC, TT, if you have other questions, please email me or chat with me directly.
Contact
Welcome to our factory
Adhere to the business tenet of “Integrity-based, Quality First”, and wholeheartedly provide you with the best products and wholehearted service. We actively cooperate with research institutions and multinational companies to achieve continuous innovation. HangZhou Telake Agricultural Equipment CO.,LTD welcomes domestic and foreign customers to visit and guide!
HangZhou Telake Agricultural Equipment CO.,LTD
Adress: East of Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Road,South of Cailin Road,Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Economic District,HangZhou,ZheJiang ,China

 

Applications of Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
splineshaft

Optimal design

The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
splineshaft

Characteristics

An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.

Applications

Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
splineshaft

Predictability

Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.

China supplier CE Certificate Td Chassis 130HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm     with Hot sellingChina supplier CE Certificate Td Chassis 130HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm     with Hot selling

China Best Sales CE Certificate Tk 90HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm near me factory

Product Description

Product Description:
TLK TD1004 90-130HP 4WD Wheel Agricultural Farm Tractor China big wheeled farming tractor with ISO Ce Certificate for Sale

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment

 

Main Technical Specifications:

Model  TK1004 TK1104 TK1204 TK1304
Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type
Dimensions of Tractor (mm)  Length 4480 4480 4480 4480
Width 2050 2050 2050 2050
Height 2570 2570 2570 2570
Tread Front Wheel 1610(usual) 1610(usual) 1610(usual) 1610(usual)
Rear Wheel 1608(usual) 1608(usual) 1608(usual) 1608(usual)
 Wheel Base 2366 2366 2366 2366
Min. Ground Base 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle)
Min. Usage Mass(kg) 4200 4200 4200 4200
Engine Model YTO LR4M3Z YTO LR4M3Z YTO LR6B5-23 YTO LR6M5-23
Type Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke
 Rated Power(kw) 66.2 80.8 88.2 95.6
Rated Rev.(r/min) 2300 2300 2300 2300
 Fuel Diesel Oil Diesel Oil Diesel Oil  Diesel Oil
 Tire Front Wheel 12.4-24 12.4-24 12.4-24 12.4-24
Rear Wheel 16.9-34 16.9-34 16.9-34 16.9-34
 Clutch Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage
Steering  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type
Transmission Box 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed
 Suspension Type Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3  (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional)
PTO Type and Rev.(r/min) Post-position, independent,
760/850 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/850 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/1000 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/1000 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Spline Size I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth

Technology & Innovation:

WeiFang Telake has established a professional R & D team, realized the self-control ability of core components by integrating the industry’s
advantageous resources, built a stable quality control system.
Invested tens millions to introduce intelligent mechanization total production line, automatic chassis production line, gearbox processing line and welding
robots, processing centers and other advanced production lines and equipment, to achieve an annual production capacity of 30,000 tractors.

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Packaging & Delivery:
-Delivery time:20- 30 days.

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Certifications:

Common problems
(1) Are you a manufacturing factory or a trading company?
We are a factory with 20 years of professional production experience in the field of 25hp-240hp tractors, located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, China. Our factory has passed ISO9001, CCC, CE, SGS and BV certification. We also have a quality control department to purchase products for customers. This is why the price of our tractors is so reasonable.
(2) Can we print the logo or company name on your product or packaging?
of course. Your logo can be printed on your product by embossing, self-adhesive or silk-screen printing.
(3) About the price
The price is negotiable. It can be changed according to the options or packaging of the tractor.
(4) Regarding payment or other issues
We accept LC, TT, if you have other questions, please email me or chat with me directly.
Contact
Welcome to our factory
Adhere to the business tenet of “Integrity-based, Quality First”, and wholeheartedly provide you with the best products and wholehearted service. We actively cooperate with research institutions and multinational companies to achieve continuous innovation. HangZhou Telake Agricultural Equipment CO.,LTD welcomes domestic and foreign customers to visit and guide!
HangZhou Telake Agricultural Equipment CO.,LTD
Adress: East of Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Road,South of Cailin Road,Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Economic District,HangZhou,ZheJiang ,China

 

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China Best Sales CE Certificate Tk 90HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm     near me factory China Best Sales CE Certificate Tk 90HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm     near me factory

China factory CE Certificate Tlk 110HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm near me shop

Product Description

Product Description:
TLK TD1004 90-130HP 4WD Wheel Agricultural Farm Tractor China big wheeled farming tractor with ISO Ce Certificate for Sale

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment

 

Main Technical Specifications:

Model  TK1004 TK1104 TK1204 TK1304
Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type
Dimensions of Tractor (mm)  Length 4480 4480 4480 4480
Width 2050 2050 2050 2050
Height 2570 2570 2570 2570
Tread Front Wheel 1610(usual) 1610(usual) 1610(usual) 1610(usual)
Rear Wheel 1608(usual) 1608(usual) 1608(usual) 1608(usual)
 Wheel Base 2366 2366 2366 2366
Min. Ground Base 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle)
Min. Usage Mass(kg) 4200 4200 4200 4200
Engine Model YTO LR4M3Z YTO LR4M3Z YTO LR6B5-23 YTO LR6M5-23
Type Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke
 Rated Power(kw) 66.2 80.8 88.2 95.6
Rated Rev.(r/min) 2300 2300 2300 2300
 Fuel Diesel Oil Diesel Oil Diesel Oil  Diesel Oil
 Tire Front Wheel 12.4-24 12.4-24 12.4-24 12.4-24
Rear Wheel 16.9-34 16.9-34 16.9-34 16.9-34
 Clutch Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage
Steering  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type
Transmission Box 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed
 Suspension Type Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3  (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional)
PTO Type and Rev.(r/min) Post-position, independent,
760/850 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/850 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/1000 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/1000 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Spline Size I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth

Technology & Innovation:

WeiFang Telake has established a professional R & D team, realized the self-control ability of core components by integrating the industry’s
advantageous resources, built a stable quality control system.
Invested tens millions to introduce intelligent mechanization total production line, automatic chassis production line, gearbox processing line and welding
robots, processing centers and other advanced production lines and equipment, to achieve an annual production capacity of 30,000 tractors.

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Packaging & Delivery:
-Delivery time:20- 30 days.

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Certifications:

Common problems
(1) Are you a manufacturing factory or a trading company?
We are a factory with 20 years of professional production experience in the field of 25hp-240hp tractors, located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, China. Our factory has passed ISO9001, CCC, CE, SGS and BV certification. We also have a quality control department to purchase products for customers. This is why the price of our tractors is so reasonable.
(2) Can we print the logo or company name on your product or packaging?
of course. Your logo can be printed on your product by embossing, self-adhesive or silk-screen printing.
(3) About the price
The price is negotiable. It can be changed according to the options or packaging of the tractor.
(4) Regarding payment or other issues
We accept LC, TT, if you have other questions, please email me or chat with me directly.
Contact
Welcome to our factory
Adhere to the business tenet of “Integrity-based, Quality First”, and wholeheartedly provide you with the best products and wholehearted service. We actively cooperate with research institutions and multinational companies to achieve continuous innovation. HangZhou Telake Agricultural Equipment CO.,LTD welcomes domestic and foreign customers to visit and guide!
HangZhou Telake Agricultural Equipment CO.,LTD
Adress: East of Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Road,South of Cailin Road,Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Economic District,HangZhou,ZheJiang ,China

 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China factory CE Certificate Tlk 110HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm     near me shop China factory CE Certificate Tlk 110HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm     near me shop

China wholesaler CE Certificate Tk 100HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm with Free Design Custom

Product Description

Product Description:
TLK TD1004 90-130HP 4WD Wheel Agricultural Farm Tractor China big wheeled farming tractor with ISO Ce Certificate for Sale

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment

 

Main Technical Specifications:

Model  TK1004 TK1104 TK1204 TK1304
Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type
Dimensions of Tractor (mm)  Length 4480 4480 4480 4480
Width 2050 2050 2050 2050
Height 2570 2570 2570 2570
Tread Front Wheel 1610(usual) 1610(usual) 1610(usual) 1610(usual)
Rear Wheel 1608(usual) 1608(usual) 1608(usual) 1608(usual)
 Wheel Base 2366 2366 2366 2366
Min. Ground Base 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle)
Min. Usage Mass(kg) 4200 4200 4200 4200
Engine Model YTO LR4M3Z YTO LR4M3Z YTO LR6B5-23 YTO LR6M5-23
Type Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke
 Rated Power(kw) 66.2 80.8 88.2 95.6
Rated Rev.(r/min) 2300 2300 2300 2300
 Fuel Diesel Oil Diesel Oil Diesel Oil  Diesel Oil
 Tire Front Wheel 12.4-24 12.4-24 12.4-24 12.4-24
Rear Wheel 16.9-34 16.9-34 16.9-34 16.9-34
 Clutch Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage
Steering  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type
Transmission Box 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed
 Suspension Type Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3  (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional)
PTO Type and Rev.(r/min) Post-position, independent,
760/850 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/850 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/1000 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/1000 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Spline Size I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth

Technology & Innovation:

WeiFang Telake has established a professional R & D team, realized the self-control ability of core components by integrating the industry’s
advantageous resources, built a stable quality control system.
Invested tens millions to introduce intelligent mechanization total production line, automatic chassis production line, gearbox processing line and welding
robots, processing centers and other advanced production lines and equipment, to achieve an annual production capacity of 30,000 tractors.

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Packaging & Delivery:
-Delivery time:20- 30 days.

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Certifications:

Common problems
(1) Are you a manufacturing factory or a trading company?
We are a factory with 20 years of professional production experience in the field of 25hp-240hp tractors, located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, China. Our factory has passed ISO9001, CCC, CE, SGS and BV certification. We also have a quality control department to purchase products for customers. This is why the price of our tractors is so reasonable.
(2) Can we print the logo or company name on your product or packaging?
of course. Your logo can be printed on your product by embossing, self-adhesive or silk-screen printing.
(3) About the price
The price is negotiable. It can be changed according to the options or packaging of the tractor.
(4) Regarding payment or other issues
We accept LC, TT, if you have other questions, please email me or chat with me directly.
Contact
Welcome to our factory
Adhere to the business tenet of “Integrity-based, Quality First”, and wholeheartedly provide you with the best products and wholehearted service. We actively cooperate with research institutions and multinational companies to achieve continuous innovation. HangZhou Telake Agricultural Equipment CO.,LTD welcomes domestic and foreign customers to visit and guide!
HangZhou Telake Agricultural Equipment CO.,LTD
Adress: East of Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Road,South of Cailin Road,Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Economic District,HangZhou,ZheJiang ,China

 

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

China wholesaler CE Certificate Tk 100HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm     with Free Design CustomChina wholesaler CE Certificate Tk 100HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm     with Free Design Custom

China Professional CE Certificate Tlk 1304HP Farm Machine Mini Tractor Like John Deere 4weel CZPT with Agriculture Power Tiller Agricultural Machinery for Farm with high quality

Product Description

Product Description:
TLK TD1004 90-130HP 4WD Wheel Agricultural Farm Tractor China big wheeled farming tractor with ISO Ce Certificate for Sale

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment

 

Main Technical Specifications:

Model  TK1004 TK1104 TK1204 TK1304
Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type   4×4 Wheeled Type
Dimensions of Tractor (mm)  Length 4480 4480 4480 4480
Width 2050 2050 2050 2050
Height 2570 2570 2570 2570
Tread Front Wheel 1610(usual) 1610(usual) 1610(usual) 1610(usual)
Rear Wheel 1608(usual) 1608(usual) 1608(usual) 1608(usual)
 Wheel Base 2366 2366 2366 2366
Min. Ground Base 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle) 405(the bottom of front axle)
Min. Usage Mass(kg) 4200 4200 4200 4200
Engine Model YTO LR4M3Z YTO LR4M3Z YTO LR6B5-23 YTO LR6M5-23
Type Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke Vertical, water cooled and 4-stroke
 Rated Power(kw) 66.2 80.8 88.2 95.6
Rated Rev.(r/min) 2300 2300 2300 2300
 Fuel Diesel Oil Diesel Oil Diesel Oil  Diesel Oil
 Tire Front Wheel 12.4-24 12.4-24 12.4-24 12.4-24
Rear Wheel 16.9-34 16.9-34 16.9-34 16.9-34
 Clutch Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage Dry-friction, single disc and 2 stage
Steering  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type  Hydraulic type
Transmission Box 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed 4×(2+1)×2 Composed
 Suspension Type Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3  (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional) Post Positioned Tri-point Suspension Catalogue 2 or 3 (optional)
PTO Type and Rev.(r/min) Post-position, independent,
760/850 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/850 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/1000 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Post-position, independent,
760/1000 or 540/1000 or 540/760 (optioanl)
Spline Size I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth I38 Rectangle Spline with 8 teeth

Technology & Innovation:

WeiFang Telake has established a professional R & D team, realized the self-control ability of core components by integrating the industry’s
advantageous resources, built a stable quality control system.
Invested tens millions to introduce intelligent mechanization total production line, automatic chassis production line, gearbox processing line and welding
robots, processing centers and other advanced production lines and equipment, to achieve an annual production capacity of 30,000 tractors.

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Packaging & Delivery:
-Delivery time:20- 30 days.

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Certifications:

Common problems
(1) Are you a manufacturing factory or a trading company?
We are a factory with 20 years of professional production experience in the field of 25hp-240hp tractors, located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, China. Our factory has passed ISO9001, CCC, CE, SGS and BV certification. We also have a quality control department to purchase products for customers. This is why the price of our tractors is so reasonable.
(2) Can we print the logo or company name on your product or packaging?
of course. Your logo can be printed on your product by embossing, self-adhesive or silk-screen printing.
(3) About the price
The price is negotiable. It can be changed according to the options or packaging of the tractor.
(4) Regarding payment or other issues
We accept LC, TT, if you have other questions, please email me or chat with me directly.
Contact
Welcome to our factory
Adhere to the business tenet of “Integrity-based, Quality First”, and wholeheartedly provide you with the best products and wholehearted service. We actively cooperate with research institutions and multinational companies to achieve continuous innovation. HangZhou Telake Agricultural Equipment CO.,LTD welcomes domestic and foreign customers to visit and guide!
HangZhou Telake Agricultural Equipment CO.,LTD
Adress: East of Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Road,South of Cailin Road,Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Economic District,HangZhou,ZheJiang ,China

 

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

Functions

Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
splineshaft

Types

There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
splineshaft

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
splineshaft

Applications

The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

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